Szczegóły publikacji

Opis bibliograficzny

Deposited particulate matter enrichment in heavy metals and related health risk: a case study of Krakow, Poland / Agnieszka GRUSZECKA-KOSOWSKA // Proceedings (MDPI) [Dokument elektroniczny]. — Czasopismo elektroniczne ; ISSN 2504-3900. — 2020 — vol. 44 iss. 1 art. no. 1, s. 1–7. — Wymagania systemowe: Adobe Reader. — Bibliogr. s. 6–7, Abstr. — Publikacja dostępna online od: 2019-11-1. — IECEHS-2 2019 : 2nd International Electronic Conference on Environmental Health Sciences : 4–29 November 2019


Słowa kluczowe

air qualityheavy metalsparticulate mattercontamination factorshealth risk

Dane bibliometryczne

ID BaDAP127692
Data dodania do BaDAP2020-03-04
Tekst źródłowyURL
Rok publikacji2020
Typ publikacjireferat w czasopiśmie
Otwarty dostęptak
Creative Commons
Czasopismo/seriaProceedings (MDPI)


The aim of these investigations was to determine the impact of heavy metals bound with deposited particulate matter (PM) on contamination degree and related toxicological effects by calculating enrichment indices, namely, the geo-accumulation index (Igeo), contamination factor (CF), and enrichment factor (EF), as well as the ecological risk index (ERI) and modified hazard quotient (mHQ). Calculations were made based on the selected element concentrations determined in deposited PM samples in Krakow. The results of the investigations revealed that deposited PM was enriched in heavy metals. As Igeo provides information on the level of metal accumulation, it was found that deposited PM was practically uncontaminated with Be, Cd, and Tl (class 0) but heavily to extremely contaminated (class 5) with Co and Sn and extremely contaminated (class 6) with As, Ba, Cr, Cu, Li, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sr, Ti, V, and Zn. On the other hand, the calculated values of CF revealed very high contamination of deposited PM with Cd and Zn, considerable contamination with Sn, Pb, and As, and moderate contamination with Cu and Li. Values of calculated EF revealed that among the investigated elements, only Zn originated from anthropogenic sources. For Cd, a small influence of anthropogenic sources was observed. For Pb and Sn, non-crustal sources of emission were expected. The calculated ERI values indicated potential ecological risk levels that were very high for Cd and considerable for Zn, as well as low potential ecological risk for As, Co, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Tl. Moreover, the calculated mHQ values of severity of contamination were extreme for Zn, considerable for Cr, and moderate for As, Cu, and Pb. The analysis revealed that the impact of atmospheric and re-suspended PM on inhabitants constitutes a complex effect of a mixture of heavy metals simultaneously affecting human health.

Publikacje, które mogą Cię zainteresować

The mineralogy, geochemistry and health risk assessment of deposited particulate matter (PM) in Kraków, Poland / Agnieszka GRUSZECKA-KOSOWSKA, Magdalena Wdowin // Geology, Geophysics & Environment / Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza im. Stanisława Staszica w Krakowie ; ISSN 2299-8004. — Tytuł poprz.: Geologia : kwartalnik Akademii Górniczo-Hutniczej im. Stanisława Staszica w Krakowie ; ISSN: 0138-0974. — 2016 — vol. 42 no. 4, s. 429–441. — Bibliogr. s. 439–441, Abstr.
The condition of air pollution in Kraków, Poland, in 2005-2020, with health risk assessment / Paulina Traczyk, Agnieszka GRUSZECKA-KOSOWSKA // International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health [Dokument elektroniczny]. — Czasopismo elektroniczne ; ISSN 1660-4601. — 2020 — vol. 17 iss. 17 art. no. 6063, s. 1–23. — Wymagania systemowe: Adobe Reader. — Bibliogr. s. 20–23, Abstr. — Publikacja dostępna online od: 2020-08-20