Szczegóły publikacji

Opis bibliograficzny

Risk analysis for groundwater intakes based on the example of neonicotinoids / Damian PIETRZAK, Jarosław KANIA, Ewa KMIECIK, Alper Baba // Chemosphere ; ISSN 0045-6535. — 2024 — vol. 358 art. no. 142244, s. 1-12. — Bibliogr. s. 11-12, Abstr. — Publikacja dostępna online od: 2024-05-03

Autorzy (4)

Słowa kluczowe

contaminationhuman healthgroundwaterneonicotinoidsrisk analysiscolumn experiments

Dane bibliometryczne

ID BaDAP153094
Data dodania do BaDAP2024-05-10
Tekst źródłowyURL
Rok publikacji2024
Typ publikacjiartykuł w czasopiśmie
Otwarty dostęptak


Neonicotinoids are a class of broad-spectrum insecticides that are dominant in the world market. They are widely distributed in the environment. Understanding the sources, distribution, and fate of these contaminants is critical to mitigating their effects and maintaining the health of aquatic ecosystems. Contamination of surface and groundwater by neonicotinoids has become a widespread problem worldwide, requiring comprehensive action to accurately determine the mechanisms behind the migration of these pesticides, their properties, and their adverse effects on the environment. A new approach to risk analysis for groundwater intake contamination with emerging contaminants was proposed. It was conducted on the example of four neonicotinoids (acetamiprid, clothianidin, thiamethoxam, and imidacloprid) in relation to groundwater accessed by a hypothetical groundwater intake, based on data obtained in laboratory tests using a dynamic method (column experiments). The results of the risk analysis conducted have shown that in this case study the use of acetamiprid and thiamethoxam for agricultural purposes poses an acceptable risk, and does not pose a risk to the quality of groundwater extracted from the intake for food purposes. Consequently, it does not pose a risk to the health and life of humans and other organisms depending on that water. The opposite situation is observed for clothianidin and imidacloprid, which pose a higher risk of groundwater contamination. For higher maximum concentration of neonicotinoids used in the risk analysis, the concentration of clothianidin and imidacloprid in the groundwater intake significantly (from several to several hundred thousand times) exceeds the maximum permissible levels for drinking water (<0.1 μg/L). This risk exists even if the insecticides containing these pesticides are used according to the information sheet provided by the manufacturer (lower maximum concentration), which results in exceeding the maximum permissible levels for drinking water from several to several hundred times.

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fragment książki
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