Szczegóły publikacji

Opis bibliograficzny

Recently discovered thick bentonite bed hosted by the lithothamnium limestones (Badenian) in the Polish part of the Carpathian Foredeep: the evidence for volcanic origin / Katarzyna GÓRNIAK, Tadeusz SZYDŁAK, Piotr WYSZOMIRSKI, Adam GAWEŁ, Małgorzata Niemiec // Minerals [Dokument elektroniczny]. — Czasopismo elektroniczne ; ISSN 2075-163X. — 2021 — vol. 11 iss. 12 art. no. 1417, s. 1-24. — Wymagania systemowe: Adobe Reader. — Bibliogr. s. 21-24, Abstr. — Publikacja dostępna online od: 2021-12-15. — P. Wyszomirski - dod. afiliacja: State Higher Vocational School in Tarnów, Poland

Autorzy (5)

Słowa kluczowe

Polandvolcanic markersDrugnia Rządowabentonitepetrology of bentoniteslithothamnium limestonesnorthern Carpathian ForedeepimagingBadenian

Dane bibliometryczne

ID BaDAP138324
Data dodania do BaDAP2021-12-17
Tekst źródłowyURL
Rok publikacji2021
Typ publikacjiartykuł w czasopiśmie
Otwarty dostęptak
Creative Commons


In this paper, we discuss the hypothesis on the volcanic origin of the precursor sediments for a thick (0.6 m) clay bed, hosted by the sequence of lithothamnium limestones of the Pińczów Formation. Combined X-ray powder diffraction, imaging methods (optical and electron microscopy), and chemical analysis were used to document the volcanic markers, which were preserved in the rock studied. The results obtained show that the clay bed discussed is bentonite in origin. This bentonite, which can be called Drugnia Rządowa bentonite, is composed almost entirely of montmorillonite with little admixtures of quartz and biotite. A small amount of calcite is present, but only in the top of the bed. Despite that, the bentonite contains nothing but clay material—it is a model example of entirely altered pyroclastic rock, which retains texture originally developed in volcanic glass fragments and reveals the preserved original features of the precursor fallout pyroclastic deposits (rhyolitic in character). The thick bentonite beds, discovered for the first time within the Badenian lithothamnium limestones of the Pińczów Formation, can be considered as a record of a violent, explosive volcanic event related to the closure of the Outer Carpathian basin and the development of the Carpathian Foredeep.

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fragment książki
On the petrography of thick bentonite bed from the Lower Carboniferous limestone succession of southern Poland / Krzysztof BAHRANOWSKI // W: XV International Clay Conference [Dokument elektroniczny] : 7–11 July 2013 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil : program. — Wersja do Windows. — Dane tekstowe. — [Brazil : s. n], [2013]. — 1 dysk Flash. — S. [1], abstr. no. 985. — Wymagania systemowe: Adobe Reader